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    • Hollistic Solutions for Integrated Missions

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    • Date: 16 December 2011
      Upon the invitation of the Centre for Security Cooperation RACVIAC (www.racviac.org) and Peace Support Operations Training Centre (PSOTC, www.psotc.org), BCSP Researchers Sonja Stojanović, Zorana Brozović, Marko Milošević and Marko Savković prepared and led a two day seminar on "Security Sector Reform in the Context of Peace Support Operations."

      Seminar was hosted, from December 13 to 15 by the PSOTC on its premises situated within the EU/NATO Butmir base.

      This seminar was first in the series of events organized with the specific goal of reaching, among participants, a better understanding of different aspects of SSR in the context of South Eastern Europe countries' participation in peace operations (PO). Thus, participants were encouraged to revisit the challenges of executing SSR oriented programs in different PO. To this end, they were provided with insights in planning and implementing existing SSR programmes, beginning with theoretical and conceptual basis, through realising context and challenges to key "drivers" and "spoilers" of the reform.

      Seminar officially opened on Tuesday, December 13, by Colonel Kenan Dautović, Commander of the PSOTC; Ambasador Nikola Todorčevski, Director of RACVIAC; Brigadier General Ivica Jerkić, Commander of BiH Armed Forces' Operational Command; Brigadier General (ret.) Victor von Wilken of the OSCE Mission to BiH; and Denis Hadžović, representing Sarajevo-based Centre for Security Studies, a long time BCSP partner organisation. In the opening part of the seminar Professor Vlatko Cvrtila of the Zagreb Faculty of Political Science also addressed the audience.

      Sonja Stojanović, BCSP Director presented to participants the outline of the seminar, and spoke on SSR in the context of PO, addressing the advantages as well as limitations of the whole-of-governance (WoG) approach. Marko Savković followed with two presentations: first, a case study of the Internal Security Sector Review (ISSR) in Kosovo; and the second, which concerned key dillemmas caused by the insertion of integrity and accountability safeguards in SSR programmes.

      On the second day of the seminar's programme, Marko Milošević focused on roles non-statutory actors may play in PO, bringing forward another case study on private security companies in mission area. On the other side, Zorana Brozović contemplated roles for civil society as a partner on the ground, and asked participants to give their opinions on a set of Guidelines used by US Armed Forces. In the day's final event, by participating in a simulation of diplomatic negotiations, participants themselves could see how difficult it is to plan and execute an SSR programme.

      After going through evaluation sheets, we realised that most of the participants highlighted different organisational cultures (between actors of a PO) as one of possible "spoilers". Yet, some of them saw a need for learning more on "bottom-up" approaches to SSR, apart from the WoG, understood as "state-centric", and thus missing the important perspective of locals, or "local ownership". Recognizing the advantages of a more interactive approach to presentations, participants called for more workshops as an integral part of some future seminar.

      Marko Savkovic, BCSP

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