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    • Fifth research seminar on measuring security sector reform in the Western Balkans

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    • Date: 24 June 2010

      nother seminar on enhancing methodology and index for measuring security sector reform in the Western Balkans was held in Zagreb on June 21 to 23. Host of the seminar was the Institute for International Relations (IMO) from Zagreb and it was organized as a part of regional project for enhancing strengthening the capacities of civil society for mapping and monitoring of security sector reform in the Western Balkans.

      One of the main goals of the seminar was to present main findings on several criteria of security sector reform - general and financial transparency, as well as the representativeness of women and ethnic minorities.

      Significant part of the seminar was dedicated also to the criterion of parliamentary oversight over security sector.  Suzana Anghel from Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) offered her comments on the papers on parliamentary oversight which was written in the period between two seminars. She also pointed out the budgeting process as one of the most important issues within the framework of parliamentary oversight informing the participants at the same time on all phases of this process. Discussion on the process of grading respective criteria and necessity of explaining every grade was also a part of this seminar.

      Another significant topic of the seminar was the financial transparency. Munir Podumljak from Partnership for Social Development - Croatian CSO which deals with precisely this issue gave a presentation to the participants. He pointed out the standards of the EU, NATO, CoE and OECD as the most relevant for this field. The main message of this part of the seminar was that all budgets must be based on public policy which would serve as a justification of any budget transaction. Podumljak warned the participants to check the accuracy of data even if they are official data giving examples of disharmonized data on the same transaction coming from different sources. He also explained that all procurements must go through the procedure of public procurements. The only difference exists with the procurements of small value, unique and specialized procurements. These procurements do not demand public competition but they must also be registered with the central registry of all public procurements.

      Results of research on these criteria will be published in Security Sector Reform Almanac that will be published next year. The next seminar will take place in October in Priština.

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