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          • Year: 2017
          • Building Civil Capacity in the Western Balkans - A Comparative Analysis

          • Analysis by the BCSP's researcher indicates that the Western Balkan countries did not make a more functional breakthrough by sending civilian experts outside the security sector to the international peacekeeping missions.

        • Continuous sending of soldiers and police officers from the Western Balkan countries to UN, NATO, OSCE or EU-led missions clearly indicates the intention of the countries in the region to increase their engagement in peacekeeping operations. However, their contribution to peacekeeping operations has so far been predominantly military, while the sending of civilians to international missions and organizations is only beginning.

          Awareness of the importance of civilian capacities and increasing the engagement of civilian experts in peacekeeping operations in the Western Balkan has become apparent over the past years, primarily due to the changed security environment. The region has faced the effects of existing conflicts in the Middle East and Africa, as well as global security threats, such as the migrant and refugee crisis, terrorism, etc., which could not be answered through military means. In search of a new crisis management solutions, local politicians have decided to support building civilian capacities, leading to the establishment of institutional framework for sending civilians to the peacekeeping missions.

          This comparative analysis provides an overview of the current practice of sending civilians from the Western Balkan countries to peacekeeping operations, shortcomings that need to be overcome in order to increase the engagement of civilians in international missions and organizations, and additionaly seeks to determine the potential of individual countries for building civilian expertise. The analysis also offers a number of recommendations for predictable, efficient and effective engagement of civilians.

          The publication is a product of the research project "Building Civilian Capacities of the Western Balkan Countries for Participation in Peacekeeping Operations" funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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